HDMI From Wikipedia - History


The HDMI founders were HitachiPanasonicPhilipsSilicon ImageSonyThomsonRCA, and Toshiba.[1] Digital Content Protection, LLC provides HDCP (which was developed by Intel) for HDMI.[11] HDMI has the support of motion picture producers FoxUniversalWarner Bros. and Disney, along with system operators DirecTVEchoStar (Dish Network) and CableLabs.[4]

The HDMI founders began development on HDMI 1.0 on April 16, 2002, with the goal of creating an AV connector that was backward-compatible with DVI.[12][13] At the time, DVI-HDCP (DVI with HDCP) and DVI-HDTV (DVI-HDCP using the CEA-861-B video standard) were being used on HDTVs.[13][14][15] HDMI 1.0 was designed to improve on DVI-HDTV by using a smaller connector and adding audio capability and enhanced Y′CBCR capability and consumer electronics control functions.[13][14]

The first Authorized Testing Center (ATC), which tests HDMI products, was opened by Silicon Image on June 23, 2003, in California, United States.[16] The first ATC in Japan was opened by Panasonic on May 1, 2004, in Osaka.[17] The first ATC in Europe was opened by Philips on May 25, 2005, in Caen, France.[18] The first ATC in China was opened by Silicon Image on November 21, 2005, in Shenzhen.[19] The first ATC in India was opened by Philips on June 12, 2008, in Bangalore.[20] The HDMI website contains a list of all the ATCs.[21]

According to In-Stat, the number of HDMI devices sold was 5 million in 2004, 17.4 million in 2005, 63 million in 2006, and 143 million in 2007.[22][23][24] HDMI has become the de facto standard for HDTVs, and according to In-Stat, around 90% of digital televisions in 2007 included HDMI.[22][25][26][27][28] In-Stat has estimated that 229 million HDMI devices were sold in 2008.[29] On April 8, 2008 there were over 850 consumer electronics and PC companies that had adopted the HDMI specification (HDMI adopters).[30][31] On January 7, 2009, HDMI Licensing, LLC announced that HDMI had reached an installed base of over 600 million HDMI devices.[31] In-Stat has estimated that 394 million HDMI devices would sell in 2009 and that all digital televisions by the end of 2009 would have at least one HDMI input.[31]

On January 28, 2008, In-Stat reported that shipments of HDMI were expected to exceed those of DVI in 2008, driven primarily by the consumer electronics market.[22][32]

In 2008, PC Magazine awarded a Technical Excellence Award in the Home Theater category for an "innovation that has changed the world" to the CEC portion of the HDMI specification.[33] Ten companies were given a Technology and Engineering Emmy Award for their development of HDMI by the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences on January 7, 2009.[34]

On October 25, 2011, the HDMI Forum was established by the HDMI founders to create an open organization so that interested companies can participate in the development of the HDMI specification.[35][36] All members of the HDMI Forum have equal voting rights, may participate in the Technical Working Group, and if elected can be on the Board of Directors.[36] There is no limit to the number of companies allowed in the HDMI Forum though companies must pay an annual fee of US$15,000 with an additional annual fee of $5,000 for those companies who serve on the Board of Directors.[36] The Board of Directors is made up of 11 companies who are elected every 2 years by a general vote of HDMI Forum members.[36] All future development of the HDMI specification take place in the HDMI Forum and are built upon the HDMI 1.4b specification.[36] Also on the same day HDMI Licensing, LLC announced that there were over 1,100 HDMI adopters and that over 2 billion HDMI-enabled products had shipped since the launch of the HDMI standard.[1][35] From October 25, 2011, all development of the HDMI specification became the responsibility of the newly created HDMI Forum.[35]

On January 8, 2013, HDMI Licensing, LLC announced that there were over 1,300 HDMI adopters and that over 3 billion HDMI devices had shipped since the launch of the HDMI standard.[10][37] The day also marked the 10th anniversary of the release of the first HDMI specification.[10][37]