Exhibition

List of video connectors

This is a list of physical RF and video connectors and related video signal standards.

Common_Display_Interfaces


By signal standard[edit]

Signal standard nameIntroduction yearConnectorTypeMax resolution

(X-px × Y-px (i) @ Z-Hz)

Used forNotes
Composite video1956[1]RCABNCTV Aerial PlugMini-VGADIN 5-pin[2]Analog720 × 576i @ 50
720 × 480i @ 59.94
Consumer electronics, including VCR and LaserDisc, 1970-1980s home computers like the Commodore VIC-20, 1980s-1990s video game consoles, some laptops, some single-board computers like the Raspberry PiUsed with PALNTSC or SECAM color.
SCART1977SCART 21-pinAnalog720 × 576i @ 50
720 × 480i @ 59.94
Consumer electronics, Commodore Amiga and various video gamesEuropean "unified" A/V interface for bi-directional stereo audio, composite video and s-video, and unidirectional RGBS and data. Composite and s-video can use PALNTSC or SECAM color encoding. YPBPR is also available in some non-standard set-ups via the RGB pins.
S-Video (a.k.a. separate video, split video, super-video, and Y/C)1979Mini-DIN 4-pin, 1 Mini-DIN 7-pin, 1 Mini-VGA, 2 BNC, 2 RCA connectors8-pin DIN[2]Analog720 × 576i @ 50
720 × 480i @ 59.94
S-VHS, some laptop computers, analog broadcast video, 1980-1990s home computers including the Commodore 64C128 and Atari 8-bitThe 4-pin mini-DIN that is most common in consumer products today debuted in JVC's 1987 S-VHS. The 7-pin mini-DIN is commonly used on laptops. Used with PALNTSC or SECAM color. Where two connectors are used, they are labeled Chroma and Luma.
CGA1981DE-9Digital640 × 200 @ 60IBM PC, PC/XT, PC/AT and compatibles
MDA1981DE-9Digital720 × 350 @ 50, Text only
HGC1982DE-9[3]Digital720 × 348 @ 50
EGA1984DE-9Digital640 × 350 @ 60
Amiga video1985DB23Both, GenLock1280 × 400/512 @ 30/25Commodore AmigaSimilar to SCART, but also includes a digital RGBI signal, Genlock clock, composite sync and +12/+5VDC power [4]
VGA1987VGA connector variants include DE-15/HD-15 (canonical), DE-9, RGB or RGBHV on separate BNC connectorsMini-VGADVI/Mini-DVI/Micro-DVI.Analog2048 × 1536 @ 85[5]Introduced with IBM x86 machines, but became a universal analog display interface. Display Data Channel was later added to allow monitors to identify themselves to graphic cards, and graphic cards to modify monitor settings.Successor analog protocols include SVGAXGA, etc. DVI is a more modern digital alternative. Where BNC is used, available as 3 connectors with Sync on Green, or 5 connector Red / Green / Blue / Horizontal Sync / Vertical sync.
Mac-II/Quadra1987DA15FAnalog1152 × 870 @ 75[6]MacintoshMac-DA15F and Sun-13W3 were similar in capability to VGA. Some Sun machines used 4 or 5 BNC connectors to transfer video signal.
13W31990DB13W3Analog1152 × 900 @ 76Workstations. Sun, SGI et al.
Gigabit Video Interface (GVIF)1996
Digital
AutomotiveSony proprietary
OpenLDI1998MDR36LVDSDigital


YPBPR (a.k.a. component video)1990sRCA or BNC connectorsAnalog1920 × 1080 @ 60[7]Consumer electronicsAlso referred to as Component video and YUV
Apple-AAUI (D-Terminal)D-Terminal uses voltage levels to signal resolution.
Digital Visual Interface (DVI)1999DVIMini-DVIMicro-DVIBoth2560 × 1600 @ 60 3840 × 2400 @ 33Recent video cardsAlmost a ubiquitous computer display link. Uncompressed video only. High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection (HDCP) encryption is optional.
2000Apple Display Connector (ADC)Both2560 × 1600 @ 60Apple Inc. Macintoshes and monitorsProprietary connector designed to combine DVI-I, USB, and monitor power
Serial digital interface (SDI)2003BNCDigitalFrom 143 Mbit/s to 12 Gbit/s, depending on variant. 480i576i, 480p, 576p, 720p, 1080i, 1080p, UHDTV1, .Broadcast video. Variants include SD-SDI, HD-SDI, Dual Link HD-SDI, 3G-SDI, 6G-SDI, 12G-SDI.[8]
High-Definition Multimedia Interface (HDMI)200319 pin HDMI
Type A/C
Digital10240 x 4320 @ 120

(version 2.1) [9]

Many A/V systems and video cards (including motherboards with IGP)High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection (HDCP) encryption is mandatory.
DisplayPort200720-pin (external)
32-pin (internal)
Digital2560 × 1600 @ 75 8192 × 4320 @ 60 (version 1.3)Apple Inc. LenovoHP, and Dell systems and monitors
ATI RV670 based graphics cards and NVIDIA G92 graphics cards (both as OEM optional implementations)
DisplayPort introduced the 128-bit AES to replace HDCP. DisplayPort version 1.1 added support for HDCP.
DiiVA200813-pinDigital2560 × 1600 @ 75
4096 × 2160 @ 24
A/V systemsHigh-bandwidth Digital Content Protection (HDCP).
HDBaseT20108P8CDigital4096 × 2160 @ 24A/V systems, data at 10.2 Gbit/s, power up to 100 watts
CoaXPress2010BNC connectorDIN 1.0/2.3Digital
Machine vision and industrial camerasSupports 20.83 Mbit/s uplink channel and power over the same coaxial cable
Mobile High-Definition Link(MHL)20105 pinDigital1920 × 1080 @ 60
3840 × 2160 @ 30 (version 3.0)
Connecting mobile devices to TVsSupports High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection (HDCP)

Physical connectors[edit]

ImageClass or connector nameUsed forNotes
RF connectors (radio frequency signals). Generally use coaxial cable types such as RG-6 and RG-59 (except for twin-lead).
IEC 169-2.jpg
Belling-Lee/IEC 169-2 connector
TV aerial plug (a.k.a. antenna plug)Television antenna connection for most video devices outside North America. Used by early home computers and game consoles to connect them to TVs because of the lack of any other connector.Generally not used in North America.
BNC connector.jpgBNC (Bayonet Neill-Concelman)Alternative to RCA for professional video electronics.

Protocols:

75 Ω for video signal (SDI and CoaXPress) on, for example, RG59 and RG6.
50 Ω for data link, like Ethernet on RG58.
93 Ω on RG62.
PICT7389 trimmed-C.jpg
50 Ω (white/bottom row) and 75 Ω C connectors (red/top row)
C connector (Concelman connector)

Gr-874-connector.jpg
General Radio 874 connectors
GR connector (General Radioconnector)Mostly seen on the company's test equipment.Uniquely "hermaphrodite" connector, i.e. no male/female pairing. cf. Anderson connector
F Connector Side.jpgF connectorUsed for most North American TV antenna connections, as well as satellite and cable systems worldwide. Also common in North America for early home computers and game consoles, older VCRs, RF modulators, and even CECBs due to lack of other connectors.Once not used outside North America for TV antennas (except for satellite reception), but gaining acceptance elsewhere with advent of digital TV.
N Connector.jpgN connector (Neill connector)Mostly seen on professional quality VHF and UHF cables and equipment.Generally 50 Ω but has been manufactured as 75 Ω; difference being thinner centre connectors; not reliably interconnected.
TNC with BNC.jpg
TNC connector (left), compared with BNC (right)
Threaded Neill-Concelman connector(TNC)

Twinlead.gifTwin-leadUsed for older TV antenna installations in the US and various other countries worldwide. Current use generally limited to baluns to adapt 300 Ω twin-lead to/from 75 Ω F connector.Replaced by F connector in North America and Belling-Lee Connector in other countries outside North America.
UHF-Connector.pngUHF connector (e.g. PL-259/SO-239)Despite its name, now most commonly seen on higher-power HF radio equipment, e.g. SSB transceivers. A popular choice for amateur radio enthusiasts.50 Ω

D-subminiature family[edit]

Vga-cable.jpg
DE-15 male plug.
VGA connector (DE-15 is a common variant.)Became a nearly ubiquitous analog computer display connector after first being introduced with IBM x86 machines. Older VGA connectors were DE-9 (9-pin). The modern DE-15 connector can carry Display Data Channel to allow the monitor to communicate with the graphics card, and optionally vice versa.[10]Being replaced by DVI from 1999 onward.
13W3 Stecker.jpgDB13W3Analog computer video, color and monochrome. Sun MicrosystemsSilicon GraphicsIBM RISCIntergraph and some Apple Computer computer workstations.Obsolete; replaced by VGA and DVI. Same connector was used by 3Com for a redundant PSUon the 3300 switch family.

DVI-related[edit]

Dvi-cable.jpg
Single-link DVI-D male plug.

DVI-D Connector.jpg
Dual-link DVI-D male plug.

Digital Visual Interface (DVI). Five variants are: DVI-I single link, DVI-I dual link, DVI-D single link, DVI-D dual link, and DVI-A.Almost ubiquitous for modern computer video cards.
Kobushi-mini-dvi.jpg
Male Mini-DVI plug on top of a 12-inch PowerBook G4; female port is second from left.
Mini-DVIVGADVItelevisionApple Computer alternative to Mini-VGA.Often now replaced by Mini DisplayPort.
Apple-MacBook-Air-Ports.jpg
Female Micro-DVI port (rightmost) on MacBook Air
Micro-DVIDVI-D dual linkReplaced with Mini DisplayPort.
DMS-59.jpgDMS-59twin DVI (for two monitors via an adapter cable)
AppleDisplayConnector.jpgApple Display ConnectorCombines DVI, USB, and power.
Mini micro HDMI Stecker by NicoJenner.jpg
HDMI connector plugs (male): Type D (Micro), Type C (Mini), and Type A.
High-Definition Multimedia Interface(HDMI)High definition digital video devices (HDMI protocol)Electrically compatible with DVI-D and DVI-I, but not DVI-A, using a simple adapter.
DIN/Mini-DIN
SVideoConnector.jpgMini-DIN 4-pinS-Video (separate video, split video, super-video, or Y/C)
MiniDIN-8 Diagram.svg

MiniDIN-9 Diagram.svg Pseudo miniDIN-7 Diagram.png Pseudo miniDIN-8 Diagram.png Pseudo miniDIN-8b Diagram.png Pseudo miniDIN-9 Diagram.png Pseudo miniDIN-9b Diagram.png Pseudo miniDIN-10 Diagram.png Pseudo miniDIN-10b Diagram.png

Various Mini-DIN configurationsVarious systems and protocols - see Mini-DIN for details
Others
Composite-cables.jpg
Three RCA connectors - yellow for composite video, and white and red for stereo audio
RCA connectorWidely used in consumer electronics for audio and video.A single connector must be used for each signal.
SCART 20050724 002.jpgSCARTConsumer electronics, mostly in Europe. Carries stereophonic sound (analog), along with composite video and/or RGB video. Some devices also support S-Video, which shares the same pins as composite video and RGB. YPBPR is also sometimes supported as a non-standard extension via the RGB pins.
D4 video connector.jpg
D4 video connector
D-TerminalPopular in Japan for analog high definition video. Available sizes are D1 through D5.
Mini-VGA.jpg
Male Mini-VGA plug on top of an Apple laptop, female port is second from right.
Mini-VGA (used for laptops)Used for laptops, especially from Apple Computer and some from Sony.
AV multi picture.jpg
AV Multi (gold-plated male plugs)
AV MultiSony proprietary. Combines composite videoS-VideoRGsB/YPBPR (both use same pins) and stereophonic sound (two analog channels).Used for all analog audio and video out on the PlayStation line of home video game consoles (a few early original PlayStation models featured RCA-outs for composite video and stereo analog audio in addition to the AV Multi connector); not used on handheld PlayStation consoles or the PlayStation 4.
M1-PlugAndDisplay.jpg35-pin MicroCross Molex connectorVESA Enhanced Video Connector and VESA Plug and Display (a.k.a. M1-DA) both used this connector with slightly different pin assignments. These schemes combined VGA or digital video, audio, FireWire, and USB signals into a single connector.Deprecated. Made obsolete by DFP and later DVI.

HDI-45Apple proprietary. Combines Analog VGA out, stereo analog audio out, analog microphone in, S-video capture in, Apple desktop bus interface.Proprietary connector used on Apple Macintosh Centris computers, and the Apple AudioVision 14 Display. An attempt by Apple to deal with cable clutter, by combining five separate cables from computer to monitor.
DFP graphic card cutted.jpg
Female port (20-pin)
Digital Flat Panel (DFP)Used with the PanelLink digital video protocol.Deprecated. Made obsolete by DVI.

3D model of a UDI connector
Unified Display Interface
Proposed to replace both DVI and HDMI. Deprecated by Intel in favor of DisplayPort.
3.5mm.jpg
3.5 mm TRRS connector (male)
3.5 mm (18 in) TRRS and TRS connectorAnalog camcorders commonly use a 3.5 mm four-contact TRRS connector to carry composite video and stereo audio.Jack appears identical to more common three-contact stereo audio-only (Walkman) 3.5 mm TRS connector.
DisplayPort-rid.jpgDisplayPortDisplayPort is also the name of the protocol, which is proposed to replace DVI for computer monitors, and consumer electronics (such as home theater systems).
Mini DisplayPort on Apple Mini DisplayPort to VGA Adapter.jpg
Male Mini DisplayPort plug
Mini DisplayPortProposed alternative to HDMI, used with computer displays: (VGADVIApple Inc.'s successor to their own Mini-DVI.The same connector is used for Intel's Thunderbolt connector, developed in cooperation with Apple.
Ethernet RJ45 connector p1160054.jpgHDBaseT (8P8C modular connector)Used for transmission of uncompressed high-definition video, audio, Ethernet, high-power over cable and various controls, via a 100 m Cat5e/Cat6 cable with 8P8C modular connectors of the type commonly used for telephone and Ethernet LAN connections.